Archive

Posts Tagged ‘JFreeChart’

Creating a Dial Chart with ColdFusion and JFreeChart

A recent question on stackoverflow.com prompted me to take a look at how to create dial charts with JFreeChart (rather than ACF’s webcharts3D engine).  Since you never know when starter code snippets will come in handy, here is the rudimentary example I put together for creating Dial Charts.  You can obviously do much more with it. Just review the api and/or the developer guide.

Sample Dial Chart

Installation:

Download latest jfreeChart. Copy the following jars into {cf_root}\WEB-INF\lib and restart CF. Note, jar version numbers may vary.

  • jfreechart-1.0.13.jar
  • jcommon-1.0.16.jar

Dial Chart Example (Compatibility MX7+)

<cfscript>
// my chart settings
chartTitle = "My Dial Chart";
arrowValue  = 55;
dialMinimum = 0;
dialMaximum = 100;
chartWidth  = 500;
chartHeight = 500;

// initialize basic components of the chart
// see jFreeChart API on how to customize the components settings further
DefaultValueDataset = createObject("java", "org.jfree.data.general.DefaultValueDataset");
pointerValue    = DefaultValueDataset.init(arrowValue);
dialPointer     = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.plot.dial.DialPointer$Pointer").init();
dialFrame       = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.plot.dial.StandardDialFrame").init();
dialBackground  = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.plot.dial.DialBackground").init();

// tweak the default range to make it more appealing.
// see angle/extent: http://java.sun.com/developer/technicalArticles/GUI/java2d/java2dpart1.html
dialScale = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.plot.dial.StandardDialScale").init();
dialScale.setLowerBound(dialMinimum);
dialScale.setUpperBound(dialMaximum);
dialScale.setStartAngle(-150);
dialScale.setExtent(-240);

//initialize plot and apply settings
plot = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.plot.dial.DialPlot").init();
plot.setDialFrame(dialFrame);
plot.setBackground(dialBackground);
plot.setDataset(pointerValue);
plot.addScale(0, dialScale);
plot.addPointer(dialPointer);

// create chart and convert it to an image
chart = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.JFreeChart").init(chartTitle, plot);
chartImage = chart.createBufferedImage(chartWidth, chartHeight);
ImageFormat = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.encoders.ImageFormat");
EncoderUtil = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.encoders.EncoderUtil");
bytes = EncoderUtil.encode( chartImage, ImageFormat.PNG);
</cfscript>

<!--- display in browser --->
<cfcontent type="image/png" variable="#bytes#">
Categories: ColdFusion, Java Tags: ,

Creating a Meter Chart with ColdFusion and JFreeChart

A recent question on stackoverflow.com prompted me to take a look at how to create dial charts with JFreeChart (rather than ACF’s webcharts3D engine).  Since you never know when starter code snippets will come in handy, here is the quick and dirty example I put together for creating Meter Charts.

Meter Chart Example (Compatibility MX7+)

<cfscript>
    // my chart settings
    chartTitle = "My Meter Chart";
    arrowValue  = 55;
    arrowUnits  = "widgets";
    chartWidth  = 500;
    chartHeight = 500;

    // initialize meter ranges (LOW, MEDIUM, HIGH)
    // note: quick and ugly code in dire need of improvement ...
    low  = createSolidMeterInterval("Low", 0, 40, createAwtColor(0, 255, 0, 120));
    med  = createSolidMeterInterval("Med", 40, 60, createAwtColor(255, 255, 0, 120));
    high = createSolidMeterInterval("High", 60, 100, createAwtColor(255, 0, 0, 120));

    // initialize arrow value
    DefaultValueDataset = createObject("java", "org.jfree.data.general.DefaultValueDataset");
    meterPointer = DefaultValueDataset.init(arrowValue);

    //initialize plot and apply settings
    plot = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.plot.MeterPlot").init();
    plot.setDataset(meterPointer);
    plot.setTickLabelsVisible(true);
    plot.addInterval(low);
    plot.addInterval(med);
    plot.addInterval(high);
    plot.setUnits(arrowUnits);

    // create chart and convert it to an image
    chart = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.JFreeChart").init(chartTitle, plot);
    ChartUtilities = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.ChartUtilities");
    ChartUtilities.applyCurrentTheme(chart);

    // applyCurrentTheme seems to overwrite some settings, so we must reapply them
    Color = createObject("java", "java.awt.Color");
    plot.setBackgroundPaint(Color.GRAY);
    plot.setNeedlePaint(Color.BLACK);

    chartImage = chart.createBufferedImage(chartWidth, chartHeight);
    ImageFormat = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.encoders.ImageFormat");
    EncoderUtil = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.encoders.EncoderUtil");
    bytes = EncoderUtil.encode( chartImage, ImageFormat.PNG);
</cfscript>
<!--- display in browser --->
<cfcontent type="image/png" variable="#bytes#">

Auxilary Functions:

<cfscript>
        // quick and ugly functions. could be improved ...
        function createSolidMeterInterval(Title, fromValue, toValue, BgColor) {
            var Range = createObject("java", "org.jfree.data.Range").init(arguments.fromValue, arguments.toValue);
            var MeterInterval = createObject("java", "org.jfree.chart.plot.MeterInterval");
            return MeterInterval.init(arguments.Title, Range   // interval from / to range
                                        , javacast("null", "") // outline color
                                        , javacast("null", "") // outline stroke
                                        , arguments.BgColor    // background color
                                    );
        }

        // using java.awt.Color is a pain due to all the javacasts ...
        function createAwtColor(r, g, b, alpha) {
            var color = createObject("java", "java.awt.Color");
            return color.init( javacast("int", arguments.r)
                                , javacast("int", arguments.g)
                                , javacast("int", arguments.b)
                                , javacast("int", arguments.alpha) // transparency
                            );
        }
</cfscript>
Categories: ColdFusion, Java Tags: ,